ISSN: 2079-3286

Volume 9, Issue 19

Volume 9, Issue 19, Spring 2018, Page 1-383


The belated Salafism and its most prominent men

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 1-23

The belated Salafism and its most prominent men:
It can be divided into two categories: one: adopt the scientific method of advocacy, persuasion and argument; and the second: taken violence and murder to disseminate their ideas.
Reformist Salafism: is a political and intellectual movement aimed at reviving the revival of Islamic civilization, freeing the Muslim world from Western colonialism, and unifying the Islamic nation by calling for a return to the Quran, Sunnah and good Salaf as a basis for advancement and emancipation. including The ideas of a group of scientists: Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Mohamed Abdo, and Mohamed Rashid Rida.
But Jihadism Salafism: It is an Islamic political and ideological movement that adopted the ideas of the first and intermediate Salafism and worked to implement it under the slogan of jihad in the name of Allah. The followers of this movement adopted the violence and the sword to spread their ideas, if you are not them you are their enemy, and the most prominent preachers: Abu al-Maududi, Sayyid Qutb, and bin Laden.
It called for reformist Salafism to use the mind and to make room for it; for it is the grace of God over His slaves, which man knows the right from falsehood, whereas Jihadism said that the transfer is the origin and not the role of the mind in that.
The reformist Salafist has also sought to reform Muslim human societies and keep abreast of global development, while jihadism sees Muslim communities as misguided ignorant communities
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The theory of the right of obedience between the controls and opinions

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 25-50

In order to study the theory of the right to obedience, the research called for the study of the famous theory of the ugliness of the punishment without a statement in a way that believes in its history and its implications. It is based on its obvious characteristics and pillars after the liberation of the dispute that took place among the fundamentalists around it. In addition to the objective importance and the intellectual space that it occupied in the fundamentalist writings, The most important research in this science, which has undertaken the task of research in determining the practical origin when the doubt in the assignment in the phase of loss of the asset on which it is built, they differed from the practical point of view, is the construction on the confirmation of the possible assignment and commitment to it, This is called the originality of innocence. Each theory produced by fundamentalist thought in its stages is only a creation in the scientific advancement ladder, in addition to its scientific value in determining the practical function as a criterion that achieves the purpose My point of view .

Employment of Endowment in Human Development Husseini Shrines as models.

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 51-75

Endowments are one of the achievements and innovations of Islamic law. It is one of the legislations that Islam has made to bring benefits to society, such as social interdependence among people, upgrading the economic level and other benefits.
The endowment is a kind of good which is expressed in the Qur'an and the narrations of the ongoing charity, since the endowed objects remains constant and only their yields are subject to usage. The endowment was initially limited to the scientific and the religious aspects in order to obtain reward in the afterlife. A wider range than in the past has entered the tracks of the economic and social process, and the reserves in turn have entered into contemporary investment issues for the development of the endowment system, which in turn has addressed many of the crises
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Methodology in the analysis of ahaadeeth

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 77-108

The Hadith is one of the sources of Islamic legislation after the Holy Quran; it is the carrier of all that is said about the infallibles of a statement or action or report, and they are described by God in his book; God said: "But God wants to go away from you the abomination Ahl al-Bayt and purifies you purified (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to them: Hence, it is not possible to dispense with the science of the people of decision. But the work of the Hadith Sharif, and the provisions of the legitimacy linked to the adherence to the rules of the science of the novel and its origins, as well as the knowledge of know-how; the narrations of the Hadith and work is based on these precise rules built by the builders of the imams of the people of the house and committed by the owners.
It was narrated that Imam Abi Abd-Allaah al-Sadiq said that he said: "A hadeeth is better than a thousand hadeeths, and the man is not among you. He did not know the meaning of our words, and the word from our words is to turn on seventy faces to us from all of them." This established structure of the orders of the family of the house and their prohibitions and etiquette paved the way for Muslim scholars to approach the most effective way in dealing with the narration of the hadeeth of the hadeeth, so he took what is acceptable to work with it and left the subject to them. They warned others to take the innovated narratives that contradicted the Qur'anic constants Moved by friends (Rez).
This study came as a method and analysis of the internal and external narratives of the Hadith. I did not find - after the long and accurate reading of the Hadith sciences - the safest way to deal with the modern narratives other than what the modernists have developed in their origins and books. This is a study of research that bears criticism and evaluation.
In my study, I dealt with four questions:
The first topic: Curriculum and its cognitive sections.
The second topic: It is intended to "analyze" in the language of jurists and scholars.
The third topic: the definition of the ahaadeeth of the rulings, and explain the vocabulary of the definition.
The fourth topic: the methodological steps used in the analysis of the rulings
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Diagnosis: Term and rooting position of some of the students.

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 109-129

that the diagnosis is achieved up things to take human qualities to help them to influence.
The diagnosis is aesthetically esteemed thanks to the psychological effect it leaves on the reader when he mixes with the feeling of alienation and isolation. Because the diagnosis makes things rational beings or people who feel their emotional participation and thus unite with things ().
What we want to show in this research is that this stylistic feature or artistic phenomenon is present in our Arabic dialect and is known by the ignorant poets and the old Arab critics and philosophers, as well as in the great book of Allah the Holy Quran, and that they are included in their poems and books, It is a source of Western culture, on the one hand, and on the other, we want to show the opinion of the old Arab critics and their attitude towards this phenomenon. They dealt with them and they had two positions with them: the first supporter and the other reject them. This attitude has been shown when talking about the quality of hair.
In this statement, we mentioned four ancient Arab critics: Al-Jahiz (255) and Ibn Tabataba al-'Awiya (322 AH), Qudamah ibn Jaafar (337 AH) and Abd al-Qaher al-Jarjani (471). Critics as the researcher believes that the cultural references are the engine of the views of the critics and the Balaghein have varied the culture of these scientists Aljahz and Ibn Tabataba al-Alawi owners of a language culture, and Qadamah bin Jaafar with a philosophical culture, and Abdul Qahir Jirjani combined verbal culture and philosophical culture, Critics of the statement And Rhea in determining cash opinions and attitudes of the phenomenon of diagnosis.
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Nahj al-Balajah is an innovative approach in the poetry of al-Mutanabi (T 354 e)

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 131-151

Al-Mutanabi and his hair have received many books, studies and researches since his emergence as a poet who starred in the sky of Arabic poetry in the Abbasid period; specifically in the fourth century AH until today; his poetry is still the focus of researchers and scholars for his poetic text of creative visions; And aesthetic features are still a number of inexhaustible learners and researchers.
Perhaps the reference to this is that the text of Mutanabi poetry is a deep-pitched text; far from the target; and carries a lot of manifestations and secrets that push the reader or receiver to probe this pit and stand when its dimensions and goals.
The reader of the life of al-Mutanabi and his hair is aware of the relationship between the poet and his poetic text about his human heritage and the values, principles and ideals he carries; and his extensive knowledge of the knowledge prevailing in his time and before his age. All contributed to the creation of a rich text of relations and accumulations of knowledge of this creator; it served as the tributaries that extend the sea of poetry.
Hence, the creator, and then his creative or poetic text is a multidimensional construction and sounds. Behind each text there are many different voices, other than the voice of the poet. Among these voices is the voice of Imam Ali (peace be upon him), who is an innovative tributary of al-Mutanabi's poetry. This is evident from the relationships between the texts of the poetry of Mutanabi and the texts of the approach of Balagha, which is a rich source and rich in the words of the deep and deep meanings and creative vision in exploring the life of all forms and meanings, and here lies the creativity of Mutanabi in the use of these texts and trying to print in its own nature and through Sending shipments A special reference through which the poet expresses his poetic views; as well as what reveals the richness of this cultural experience he possesses in addition to his openness to various cultures and his attempt to benefit from the enrichment of the poetic text; in addition to what reveals this deal with the texts of the approach of rhetoric of ingenuity In taking, taking and influencing. This is what I seek to address by addressing the revelation of Mutanabi to the texts of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and later received in the approach of rhetoric and employment in poetry; whether it is related to the word or its meanings plotting the image of poetic excellence
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The significance of the ages and the paradoxes of reality In the poetry of Muslim Bin Al Waleed (Sira Ghwani)

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 153-177

Recent studies have focused on the approach of the traditional texts to a modern critical and modern approach، applying the contemporary theories and approaches of modern theories، trying to devise the literary، monetary and humanitarian dimensions of this heritage، which has made it a wide range of readings throughout the ages.
This study comes in an attempt to read this poetic text، which dates back to the middle of the second century AH، a new reading seeking its mechanisms to question the dimensions of the semantic era and explore the poet's vision of the paradoxes of reality، which was the most powerful and bold in the eyes of the poet.
The study dealt with two axes: the first devoted to the study of the ages and its implications in the poetry of Muslim bin Walid، while the second was devoted to study the paradox، a technical mechanism reflected the poet's vision of reality and its contradictions.
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The great structure of the upper text, A selection of speeches of war in the nahj albalagha

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 179-203

The text often contains a basic subject for which the text is created and other topics that seek to show the underlying theme
This basic theme is defined in modern linguistics as "the Major Structure" which is defined as the estimated structure that explains or analyzes the organization of the text
This means that the analysis of the text requires knowledge of the basic subject (the major structure), which is addressed by the text and then notes the pivotal aspects employed to show the basic subject.
The researcher chose three sermons from Nahg Al- Balagha, the first was a direct speech to his brother Mohammed Ibn Al-Hanafiya when he gave him the flag on the Day of the Camel, which is sermon 11, the second sermon was for his companions, the night of Al Hareer, which is sermon no. (66), the third sermon was before the Battle of Siffeen.
The research entitled (( The Major Structure of the Alawi Text, Selections of War Speeches in Nahj Al Balagha)). This research seeks to shed light on the major structure of these three sermons combined in brief and concise analysis, success from Allah

Method of Tabarsi in the biography of the Prophet in the book Taj birth in the birth of the imams and their deaths

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 205-224

This research highlights the important figure in the history of Islam is the Sheikh Tabarsi scholars of the fourth century AH, who was a Shiite scholar, who was an interpreter and at the same time was an innovator and linguistic investigator and transferred to historical events, as his books carried many of the novels of the Prophet From the news of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his family) and his life, but in short and from these books book (birth crown ) .

Al-Tabarsi (d. 548 e) his life and scientific status

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 225-239

This research highlights the important figure in Islamic history, Sheikh Tabarsi of the fourth century AH scientists, who was one of the Shiite scholars, and was the head of the Shiite front and was interpreter and jurisprudent and investigator, as well as it was used in the language as well as history and transferred to historical events through the works Science in history and interpretation as well .

Ahl al-Bayt position is one of the political problems that hit the Islamic state from the year 40 HD-114HD

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 241-267

The course of events that took place after the martyrdom of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib peace be upon him based on the fairness of the people of the house peace be upon them after the incident of the shed and the guardianship of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib, the stairs to receive Imam Hassan and his eldest son succession after him to do it after him In any event, the Imam al-Hasan (peace be upon him) handed over the succession order until the problems which wanted to destroy Islam were destroyed and eliminated. The matter ended with the reconciliation of Imam al-Hasan bin Ali ibn Abi Talib, peace be upon him, with Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan. Peace be upon you (8 AH), and this title was given to Abu Sufyan and the people of his house, and after that Muawiyah worked with all his money until the matter for his son increases and indeed He became a successor to the Muslims, and he is not affiliated with Islam until something else is passed on to the Umayyads whom they received. He took the boy to hate and did not leave the house in their condition until we see the one who was killed and poisoned and the homeless from the homelands with no fault except their belonging to Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatima Al Zahraa. All of them.

Political relations between the Alawites and the Abbasids in the era of prophecy

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 269-290

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon our master and prophet and our benefactor, Muhammad is the best of all, and on his family and his companions and those who follow their guidance until the Day of Judgment.
Our Islamic history is rich in the mention of many of the families of the Church that had a great impact on the political events starting with the spread of the Muhammadiyah and its support until it reached its peak after the conquest of Mecca (8 AH / 629 AD), especially the Hashemite families such as Ali (peace be upon him) and Abbas, although we do not deny the role (PBUH) in the support of the Prophet (PBUH) and to make precious and good to spread the Islamic message throughout the Arabian Peninsula, but Abbas and his son appeared to be clear in the support of the Prophet (r) and pointed to the obvious link between the upper and Abbasid families, Strengthen the power of the Prophet (r) and so continue until after and We note that after the Islam of Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib, the relationship deepened with the son of his brother Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (peace be upon him) and took a dimension "more cohesive in the most difficult positions, especially when Abbas stood beside the Imam (peace be upon him) ) After the incident of the shed and stressed the need to become Imam Ali (peace be upon him) a successor to the Muslims did not tell us the history that Abbas called himself a day succession or claimed his right and true to say about his son Abdullah bin Abbas, who remained a lieutenant to his cousin Imam Ali (p) And remained so even after Imam Ali (peace be upon him) became a successor to Muslims and remained conservative positions E support for the upper house,
This research was divided into two topics. In the first topic, we discussed the roots of the relationship between the Alawites and the Abbasids, which they had established since the first beginnings of both families, as mentioned above.
In view of the historical importance of this academic study, we discussed the issue of necessity in researching such topics and shedding light on the nature of the relationship between the Alawites and the Abbasids and revealing the weaknesses and the strength that it has suffered.
And our last prayer is that praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon the best of the good, Muhammad and his good and pure family

The contributions of Tus city scientists in the intellectual movement In Baghdad through the book of the history of Baghdad to Khatib Baghdadi

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 291-310

This study deals with the history of the city of peace known as the history of Baghdad. The book was written by many of the scholars of this valuable author. However, in this study, we focused on the city of Tus and the contributions of the city's scientists to the intellectual and scientific movement in Baghdad. Which contains valuable and diverse information about the men of Baghdad and the virtues of scientists and scientists in other cities in Baghdad and the return or taken by a station of travel to trade or pilgrimage or trip, was a wonderful book in his diverse and accurate information about the men of the city of Baghdad.

Arab legal provisions and customs Before Islam and endorsed by Islamic law

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 311-325

The Arabs adopted Islam prior to Islam in resolving their disputes and problems to governors, who were conditioned by reason, know-how, honor, leadership and good reputation, so the adversaries resorted to them to resolve their disputes and to give judgment in their cases such as murder, theft, wars, etc. The Arab community knew before Islam many wise men, , Obaidah bin Qais and Amer ibn al-Dhuhrb, who later recognized Islam as the murderer of the thief, cutting off the hand of the thief, forbidding wine and adultery, as well as the matters of inheritance from the inheritance of male and female, And the inheritance of the sheikh and many of the issues that Islam has approved in his law. .

The life of the prophet Elijah through the Torat and its impact on the doctrine of Jewish salvation

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 327-249

God chose from His slaves messengers and prophets to guide them to carry His message and guide people to the path of truth and righteousness, and highlight the importance of studying their lives and their impact in their societies in the religious and historical aspects.
The sons of Israel were distinguished by the large number of prophets who sent them, and the prophet Elijah was one of the most important ones. He appeared in the dark historical period of the Jews, which followed the Golden Age during the rule of the prophet David and his son Solomon. The role of the prophet Elijah was to try to bring the children of Israel back to the correct doctrine and to warn their kings to do so. Then he gave the Jewish heritage a greater influence on him based on some of the few references in the Torah that can be interpreted from several aspects of the valley A belief in the salvation and hope of the Jews of the emergence of a faithful Messiah who achieves the state of the Great Jews to avenge their enemies and control the world according to events formulated in the Jewish imagination based on some biblical texts affected by the ancient civilizations that embraced it and had the same idea as Babylonians, Assyrians and Persians, The history of the Jews and then internationalization and transformation of political and propaganda reasons. The research discussed the life of the prophet Elijah in his various stages according to what was mentioned in the Torah. He analyzed and criticized the inappropriate image that he showed in him. He then discussed the doctrine of Jewish salvation and the impact of the prophet Elijah. The research was based on a number of different sources, From historical sources that examined the history of the Jews and their beliefs
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The Development of Health Institutions in the Kut (1921-1958)

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 351-383

This study included the development of health institutions in the Kut Brigade from 1921 to 1958, when the Kut brigade was evacuated from health institutions throughout the Ottoman occupation (1534-1917). However, British forces during its occupation of Iraq (1914-1918) opened a hospital in the Kut district in 1918 Which was developed in the royal era (1921-1958), with a cadre of doctor and health worker at the beginning of the royal era, while in 1958, eleven doctors in various specialties and nine nurses and a number of health workers, administrators and service workers, and the opening of another hospital in the district of the neighborhood To the Al-Kut Brigade in 1943 and its cadre of doctor and dresser and continued to work throughout the duration of the dir Miss .
The Kut Brigade also witnessed the opening of several dispensaries whose cadres exerted a lot of efforts to eliminate many diseases that affected the citizens, especially malaria and tuberculosis. These clinics include Badra district clinic, Essaouira district and district district which opened in 1927 and the same year The clinics of Nu'maniyah, Zubeidiya, Aziziyah and Mufqiya were opened in 1932, 1934, 1935 and 1937, respectively. The health clinic of the students was opened in the center of the brigade in 1938. The staff of these clinics were composed of a doctor, a dresser or a dresser. The negatives that They are including these institutions and the pros that characterized
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