Social phenomenon when Emile Durkheim (social analysis)
CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE,
Volume 3, Issue 6, Pages 1-15
AbstractThe study deals with the sociological phenomenon, which represents the main intellectual concern in sociology of Emile Durkheim. The sociological phenomenon of Durkheim is distinguished by qualitative characteristics , and it has independent existence from the other phenomena. Similarly, these phenomena adhere in their
genesis , development , and changes into laws , which must be discovered because these sociological phenomena are real as all the other things studied empirically in the materialistic world. Thus ,these phenomena must be measured by observation , yet this does not mean that they are materialistic things , but they have real existence and imaginative vision .thus , the sociologist should study them in scientific methods , without depending on prior philosophical ideas . and through this method , though this separation is not ultimate , because the general principles of sociology still need specific philosophy through which they are interpreted and analyzed . Durkheim’s aim was to create a new philosophy built on what is synthesized from sciences , especially the new science of sociology.
According to what mentioned above , this study sheds light on this important subject , which is essential in the contemporary sociological thought . the study includes two sections , the first one deals with the sociological phenomenon , while the second analyzes the sociological phenomenon of Emile Durkheim . it is divided into three sub-section ; dealing with the meaning of sociological phenomenon and its qualitative features ; Durkheim’s methodology in studying the sociological phenomena ; and the collective forces and the study of sociological phenomena .
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