Confrontation of the al'umwiiyn of the Ismaili da'wa in Andalusia
CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE,
2018, Volume 9, Issue 21, Pages 359-392
AbstractIsmailia emerged after the death of Imam Sadiq (p) 148 AH / 765 AD. When a group of Shiites adopted the idea that the Imamate in Ismail bin Ja'far al-Sadiq (p) and Muhammad ibn Ismail and his descendants after him, and thus separated from the Shiite Imamiyah which saw that the Imamate in Musa bin Ja'far al-Sadiq (p). The Ismailis formed In the middle of the third century AH (9th century AD) a secret political and religious movement. This revolutionary movement enjoyed a central administration whose purpose was to remove the Abbasid rule and make the imam from Imam Ali's (p) descendants which Ismailia believed in his right to administrate the affairs of Islamic nation. The revolutionary message of the Ismailia has been systematically spread through a network of preachers in various parts of the Islamic world stretching from the lands of the river beyond Yemen to North Africa and Andalusia. The call to Andalusia has made it limited to a small number of respondents due to the nature of the confrontation there, where many factors combined to grow of that confrontation, these factors are the strength of the Umayyad state in Andalusia from the political and military aspect, the unity of Andalusia from the sectarian aspect, the efforts exerted by the Maliki scholars in Andalusia and Morocco in the face of the Ismaili call, for the intellectual or the military aspect, the majority of the Andalusian community rejected the Ismaili call and his fuss about his political power and Maliki scholars in the face of that call .
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